Golf consists of “playing a ball with a club from the teeing ground into the hole by a stroke or successive strokes in accordance with the Rules”. That’s the first rule in the Rules of Golf.
Golf has been on the Olympic programme twice: in 1900 and 1904. At the 1900 Games in Paris, two events were staged: one for men and one for women. Americans Margaret Ives Abbott and Charles Edward Sands were the first Olympic champions in the two events. In 1904 in St Louis, the women’s event was replaced by a team event.
Golf is undoubtedly one of the oldest existing codified sports. Indeed, it was in the city of St Andrews in Scotland that the first rules were established in 1754. But some research shows that a similar sport was practised beforehand under the name “colf” or “kolven” in the Netherlands, and arrived on the British Isles in the 15th century.
Aiming: The act of aligning the clubface to the target
Approach: A shot hit towards the green
Backspin: The rotational movement or spin of the ball produced by contact with the clubface.