Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six (6) players have a match on a court divided into two (2) by a net. Volleyball was designed on 9th February 1895 by a physical education teacher, William G. Morgan, working in a sports club called Youth Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in Massachusetts, USA. Name of the “Volleyball” is derived from the rule of hitting the ball before it touches the ground. FIVB (Fédération Internationale de Volleyball) was founded in 1947, Paris. The first World Championship was played in 1949 by male players and in 1952 by female players. Volleyball was played by Dr. Deaver, Manager of the Young Male Christians Association (YMCA), in Istanbul, Turkey between 1919 and 1925. Interest in this sport increased in a short time. Turkish Volleyball Federation was founded in 1958.
- Bump: A bump pass is to strike a ball with the arms according to specific rules for keeping the ball on the field of play with low shots.
- Spike: the most important offensive attack of a volleyball team. It is a type of hit made so as to pass the ball by touching it which is made as a pass to him/herself by the hitter.
- Block: to interrupt the ball in order to prevent the ball from passing over the net and to block an opposing ball by following the specific rules.
- Coverage: A bump strike made by an opponent in a low position behind the athletes who have made a block attack; it is used to make an attack by re-gaining a ball in the event that it returns from an opponent’s block during an offensive attack done as a team.
- Dive: is to keep a ball on the field of play by touching the ball in a push and in suddenly emerging times.
- Overarm Pass: is defined as passing the ball by using the arms, hands and legs’ as support and finally, hitting it with the finger tips, to the desired spot.